Posted in CaRtE

din Baraca …

Baraca este scrisă de Paul Young (aici, scurta ei recenzie ) și după părerea mea, o transpunere ireală dar și reală în același timp a comunicării cu Trinitatea.
Am găsit notițe despre ea într-un caiet părăsit și le-am recitit.

” Problema cu a trăi după o listă de priorități e că ajungi să privești totul ca pe o ierarhie, o piramidă. Și dacă Îl pui pe Dumnezeu în vârf ce înseamnă asta de fapt? Și cât timp crezi că trebuie să îi acorzi încât să fie suficient? Cât timp Îi dai Lui înainte să-ți vezi de trebuirle tale care te intereseaza cu mult mai mult decât timpul petrecut cu El? Dumnezeu nu vrea doar o parte din tine și o parte din viața ta. Chiar dacă ai putea [ dar nu poți] să-i dai Lui cea mai mare parte, nu asta vrea. El te vrea TOT de de-antregul, și tot timpul tău.
Domnul nu vrea să fie primul pe o listă de valoare, ci să fie în centru a tot ce înseamnă viața ta, unde tot ce înseamnă viață, familie,prieteni, muncă, gânduri, activități-este conectat la El, dar se mișcă după cum bate vântul.
Iar EU (încheie Sarayu) Eu sunt vântul! ”

Posted in CaRtE

Cu adevărat surprins(ă)


Vă amintiți de asta? The Young C.S. Lewis

Iată-mă, aproape jumătate de an mai târziu, cu încă o carte lewisiană dusă la bun sfârșit. A fost un drum lung și anevoios, recunosc.
Faptul că am dispus de carte în două limbi, mi-a fost de un mare ajutor. Pentru că unde m-am împotmolit în Limba Engleză (și trebuie să spun că m-am împotmolit serios!! ) am reușit să ies la liman cu cartea tradusă în Limba Română.
Mi-a spus mie cineva că îți prinzi urechile în ea, dar nu am crezut. Până la proba contrarie, evident!
L-am surprins pe Lewis, prin intermediul cărții, în multe ipostaze. Băiat fiind,a crescut într-o familie de oameni școliți, învățat de mic să citească (pentru că a fost înconjurat de cărți) și să cutreiere dealurile și pădurile. Motiv pentru care toată viața i-a făcut plăcere să facă aceste lucruri. Să citească oricât, oricând, orice carte (de interes- nu altfel) și să se îndeletnicească cu plimbările lungi, în aer liber (cum și trebuie să facă un Englez,pentru că este în natura lui).
Departe de casă, își începe apoi drumul anevoios prin scoală, o școală a vieții și tot odată o scoală care să îl transforme în eruditul Clive Staples Lewis, cel despre care vorbește încă o lume întreagă, 50 după moartea sa.
Despre Dumnezeu cunoaște în parte – până la convertirea lui, de la ateism la teism și mai târziu la Cristos – dar setea după Bucurie persistă în inima lui din primii și până în ultimii ani din viață!

Întoarcerea lui la Dumnezeu a fost o bucurie pentru tot Cerul, cu siguranță! Pentru că omul care odată se simțea ”scandalizat că fusese creat fără să i se ceară acordul” și care căuta că tot dinadinsul să fie ”stăpân pe propriul lui suflet” a murit. Și în locul lui a ieșit la iveală un om nou, un om care Îl vede pe Dumnezeu ca fiind Dumnezeu, nu o ”religie”, nici o ”filozofie” ci Cuvânt, trup, Dumnezeu și om.

Sunt multe de spus despre ”Surprins de Bucurie” dar aș dezvălui prea mult. Și eu una prefer să nu știu dinainte detaliile unei cărți sau sfârșitul unui film!
Închei cu doar câteva citate din multele care mi-au plăcut . Dacă cineva vrea să cumpere cartea în Limba Română, ea se găsește la librăriile Humanitas și costă mai puțin de 30 lei. Pentru munca și timpul investit în traducerea ei, aș zice curat chilipir!

Walking and talking are two very great pleasures, but it is a mistake to combine them. The only friends to walk with is one who so exactly shares your taste for each of the countryside that a glance,a halt, or at most a nudge is enough to reassure us that the pleasure is shared.”
”The return from the walk and the arrival of tea, should be exactly coincident, and not later than a quarter past four.Tea should be taken in solitude[…]For eating and reading are two pleasures that combine admirably”
” In the Trinity Term of 1929 I gave in and admitted that God was God, and knelt and prayed:perhaps, that night,the most dejected and reluctant convert in all England.
I did not see what is now the most shining and obvious thing; the Devine humility which will accept a convert even on such terms. The Prodigal Son at least walked home on his two feet. But who can duly adore that Love which will open the high gates to a prodigal who is brought in kicking,struggling,resentful, and darting his eyes in every direction for a chance of escape? The words compelle intrare, compel them to come in, have been so abused by wicked men that we shudder at them; but, properly understood, they plumb the depth of the Divine mercy.
The hardness of God is kinder than the softness of men, and His compulsion is our liberation.”

Acestea fiind spuse, da-ți fuga la librărie și cumpărați! Hai, grăbește! :)

Posted in CaRtE

Moses facing the big bad deamon


Written by Charles Martin.
For more information or to order his books: visit Amazon

Picture this a second: And I know you’ve heard this before but I want you to try and see it ‘new’ just for a second.

Moses — 80 years old — standing at the Red Sea. His brother Aaron, 82, was probably standing next to to him. 1-3 million Hebrews (I tend to think it was 3M or greater) huddled behind him staring at a big body of water and no way across. Behind him, Mothers are nursing babies. Children are holding their parents’ hands. Elderly are leaning on younger children. They have no water. No food. No weapons. It’s growing dark. Nighttime is upon them. Behind them is the distinct sound of horses, and chariots and metal clinking metal and men shouting. It is thunderous and they not only hear it they can feel the vibrations of the earth under the iron wheels and hoofs. In the minds of the Hebrews, the sound that they hear is the sound of the most powerful and terrifying army the world has ever known. They can conceive of nothing worse. Parents try to cover the ears of their children. They and their ancestors have lived 400 years in Egypt and they know full well what will happen to them when caught. Their minds play the pictures of what is about to happen to their wives, to their precious children, to them. Fear and terror spreads like a wave. Adults are screaming in anger and fear at Moses, cursing him. (In my mind, and this is not in scripture, people are throwing stuff at him.) Mutiny is no longer a whisper in the ranks but an all out cry. Some of the younger, more capable, are running to and fro looking for an escape but they are hemmed in. Water before. All of Egypt behind. Now, let the camera in your mind wander back to Moses. What’s going on in his head? In his heart? He dearly loves the people behind him and he is responsible for what is about to happen to them and he knows it. He was raised an Egyptian. He knows, maybe better than anyone, what they are capable of and what they’ll do to them when caught. Maybe he is standing on an elevated bluff above the water. Maybe a small rock that raises him a few feet above the ground. Maybe he is simply standing on the bank with his toes in the water. Staff in his hand. Maybe he’s tired and starting to lean on it. Maybe the knot in his stomach is making him feel like he wants to throw up. He glances over his shoulder at the sound growing nearer. Then at the terror spread across his families’ faces. That right there is the moment. I don’t know what the conversation sounded like but I imagine it was simple, and to the point. And I don’t think it was quiet either. I imagine Moses shouting at the top of his lungs. “Lord, we need you right now! Not tomorrow! Not next week! Right this second!”

I won’t ruin the story for you but that’s about the time the breeze picked up. You can read the rest of the story at Exodus 15. (Not even a novelist could think up a story this crazy.)

Maybe you’re staring at an impossibility before and behind you. Maybe you’re hemmed in. Mind racing. Maybe there is a lie running rampant and living rent free in your head telling you about all the horrible things that are about to happen to you. Maybe you’re growing angry.

Here’s the truth of it — the very same God who started to blow on the water, is here at my desk and there at your computer or your phone or wherever you’re reading this. He was there yesterday and He’ll be there tomorrow. Hasn’t changed a bit. Doesn’t love you any less. His arms haven’t grown short.

“But…” You protest “We have no Moses…”

See, that’s the cool part. We do. He’s in the throne room, standing next to God. He’s the one with the white hair, bronze feet, eyes of fire, holding the keys of death and Hades, and he is constantly making sure His Father knows everything going on with us. His resume? Well, for starters, He’s the one that walked down into Hell, defeated the worst stuff you can imagine, like totally and completely, and then walked out shining like the sun. He’s got lots of names, but this one might be my favorite, “Ruler of the kings of the earth.”

Posted in CaRtE

The Young C.S. Lewis

What seems like ages ago (last summer, I think) I bought ”Surprised by Joy” by C.S. Lewis –written in Romanian- which depicts the authors’ spiritual journey throughout his life. I started reading it, but at some point I had to lend it to someone else and so I hit the ‘pause’ button. The end of last year, however, I was given the same book in  English  and I must admit I wanted to read it in its original language. So I started off again. This time slower but more determined.  So I got to this paragraph, where Lewis mentions  his first “metaphysical argument he ever took part in”. Obviously, he is C.S Lewis! Didn’t expect anything different!

A miniature version of the Inklings, this time formed by a group of school boys stuck together in a  private boarding school, forced to become “very old acquaintances”. Here’s a spoiler for you :

We were sent out for walks alone on half holidays. We did not do much walking. We bought sweets in drowsy village shops and pottered about on the canal bank or sat at the brow of a railway cutting watching a tunnel-mouth for trains. Hertfordshire came to look less hostile.
[…] I can even remember from those days what must have been the first metaphysical argument I ever took part in. We debated whether the future was like a line you can’t see or a line that is not yet drawn.

Posted in CaRtE, Journal Quotidien

Viziune și întuneric

”  L-a apucat o groaza si un mare întuneric.(Geneza 15.12) ”

oswald-chambersCând Dumnezeu îi dă o viziune unui credincios, El îl pune” sub umbra mâinii Lui”(Isaia 49.2) și  datoria credinciosului  este să tacă  și să asculte.

Este un întuneric care vine din prea multă lumina si atunci este timpul să ascultăm. Geneza 16 este un exemplu de ascultare a sfatului bun atunci când este întuneric, mai degrabă decât așteptarea ca Dumnezeu să trimită lumina.

Când Dumnezeu îți dă o viziune, iar apoi urmează întunericul, așteaptă.Dacă vei aștepta, Dumnezeu va face ca viziunea pe care ți-a arătat-o să sosească la timpul hotărât de El.Nu încerca niciodată să Îl ajuți pe Dumnezeu să –Și împlinească Cuvântul. Avraam a trecut prin treisprezece ani de tăcere, dar în acești ani, toată încrederea lui în sine a fost distrusă.N-a mai rămas nici o urmă de încredere în căile firii. Acei ani de tăcere au fost ani de disciplinare, nu de neplăceri.

Niciodată nu este nevoie să pretinzi  că viața ți-e plină de bucurie  sau încredere, ci așteaptă  lângă Dumnezeu (vezi Isaia 50.10-11)

 Mă mai încred eu în firea sau în carnea mea? Sau am învățat să trec peste încrederea în mine sau în oamenii Lui Dumnezeu, în cărți și rugăciuni sau în alte bucurii ale vieții și acum încrederea mea este fixată în Dumnezeu Insuși   și nu în binecuvântările Lui?

”Eu sunt Dumnezeul cel Atotputernic”, El Shaddai, Dumnezeul Atotsuficient (Geneza 17.1). Motivul pentru care suntem puși la disciplină este ca să cunoaștem că Dumnezeu e real . Îndată ce Dumnezeu devine real pentru noi, prin comparație, ceilalți oameni devin niște umbre ale realității. Nimic din ceea ce ar putea face sau spune un alt credincios n-ar putea tulbura pe cineva care este înrădăcinat în Dumnezeu. 

Devoțional scris de Oswald Chambers în cartea ”My Utmost For His Highest” .Unul din cele mai bune devoționale citite până acum, cred eu. Mustește de învățătură pură,clasică, o hrană consistentă pentru suflet, încărcată cu Cuvânt Biblic și capabilă să ducă la trezire spirituală personală.

Se poate comanda de aici :  sau de aici: Amazon

Sau, citită în limba Engleză direct de aici : Daily Devotionals By Oswald Chambers       Smile with tongue out


Posted in Apologétique, CaRtE, Evenimete în Iaşi, My English Twaddling


After Lunch, followed the second part of the session, which was opened by  Dr. Laura Carmen Cuțitaru, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Linguistics, at the English Department of the University in an essay  called “ From C.S.Lewis’s Joy to Nicolae Steinhardt’s Happiness. This was also a confession on how Mrs. Cuțitaru became a Christian after reading Lewis’s “Mere Christianity” and Steinhardt’s “Jurnalul Fericirii” [read about Steinhardt here].

The concept of joy is not new for Christianity but for the Orthodox Christians it means something else, a feeling that accompanies the faithful. Haydn was questioned on why was his music joyful and not ceremonial. “Because whenever I think of God, I’m joyful”.

Professor of English and American Literature and culture  at the University of Paderborn, Germany, Till Kinzel gave a  lecture on “ The Contemporary Significance of C.S. Lewis as a Literary Scholar”, a very academic, intellectual lecture that met the needs of many people present.


Different from the other teachers at Oxford, that taught in much detail, C.S.Lewis  approached things in a more appealing way , because he saw the bigger picture. “If I cannot get out of the dungeon I might try to look behind the bars, it’s better than sitting in a corner on a haystack. At least, this way, I can see something…” –C.S. Lewis

After the coffee break,Michael Ward had his second session, in which he tackled the subject of “The Imagination and Reason in Lewis’s Christian Apologetics”.

Surely, Lewis was the most successful Christian apologetic* that our days has seen. In the 1930’es the Christianity that Lewis presented was with imaginative approach and reason. Reason can only be used if there is reasonable material to talk about. So he used imagination. Yes, imagination can be a slippery term, but according to Lewis, imagination is the organ of meaning. This definition appears published for the first time in 1939 in a very important but much overlooked essay called “Bluspels & Flalansferes: A Semantic Nightmare”.Its main concern is how the metaphors are created and used and what is the opposite of meaning? Is it error? No. It is not. The opposite of meaning is not error, but nonsense. In order to see if something has been rightly judged to be meaningful, we need to see if it is true or false ( ex: Why is someone lying to me?-even a lie must have a meaning ). Only the nonsensical things mean nothing.

Reason is the natural organ of truth(allowing room for Supernatural). Imagination is the organ of meaning and meaning itself is the antecedent condition of both truth and falsehood. Reason can operate without imagination but if you take it away, reason is just floating there and cannot work on its own. Take reason away and imagination will stay there where it was, but it’s now free from having reason report  its findings  to any higher cost. It’s unrelated to rational supervision. In Lewis’s terminology, this sort of imagination is what we call the imaginary.

Lewis’s own imagination was “baptised” when he became a believer, awakening his capacity for appreciating holiness and sanctification.It was through imagination that his reason and will was transformed. HE became a Christian after a long night talk with Dyson and Tolkien on “Christianity, metaphor and myth”. For him, it wasn’t a difficulty in believing but a difficulty in what Christian doctrine** meant. The primary language that Christians believe in is historical, living.Doctrine is a product of an analytical dissection, they’re not as meaningful but thinned down, so that you can put them in a column. The lived narrative of Christianity was the primary idea of true Christianity.

Christianity is a true myth (God’s myth) whereas mythology is man’s myth.

C.S.Lewis found in the pagan myth what Jesus said you can see in the stories of the Old Testament.Thus, he passed over from being almost certain that Christianity is true, to being certain (after talking to Dyson and Tolkien).

Reason cannot operate without imagination.

As a boy, Lewis was told that Christianity was 100% correct while mythology was 100% wrong. Once he became a Christian he understood that we should not be ashamed of the presence of mythology.Paganism should be there as a flicker, because God is the Lord of Light.

Divine wisdom spoke not only on the Mount of Olives but also on Mount Parnassus. Paul quotes the Greek god Zeus when he says that “we are his offspring” [“We are his offspring” Acts 17:28 A poem in which Aratus gives an overview of the origins of the stars.] Rather than saying “you are 100% wrong” he says “you are partly right” meeting the men of Athens where they are. He doesn’t  denigrate nor diminish their incomplete theology. “You’ve got something here, but there is more to it”. Paul meets them where they are.Where else can they be met?

Respect (look back at) for paganism is the proper way to approach it. Reason depends (cannot work without) on imagination. C.S.Lewis communicates the heart of his faith through the Chronicles of Narnia, using words that not only tell a story but are resonant. He didn’t want to turn pagan myths into cold prose.

Reason can’t work without imagination but imagination can work without reason. The myths are too imaginary  and not so imaginative.


Imagination is the most vulnerable and it serves reason and together serve the will.  The will itself can be turned and converted when the realm of apologetics is annulled and we can go into the Evangelical  realm- the Word of God.

The session ended and we then had panel discussion where we could ask questions to Michael Ward, Till Kinzel, Dănuț Mănăstireanu,  Mrs. Laura Cuțitaru and Rodica Albu. This was the end of the symposium, but not yet the end of the evening.

It was a great honour to attend to a concert  at the Arts University played by tenor Ruben Mureșan, Ken Tucker(piano) and Luminița Ciobanu (viola) in “Four Hymns for Tenor, Viola and Piano” by Ralph Vaughan Williams.


After the concert, those who missed the Evening with C.S. Lewis by the Searchlight Theatre Company in the previous night, could attend to it now.

To conclude, this symposium  was a feast for the mind and soul that I really enjoyed! Many thanks to those who organised it [ see here ] and looking forward to next years  event . I hear it is very promising. Winking smile

*Apologetics= a reasoned defence

**Doctrine= translations into our concepts and ideas of something that God already said.

Posted in Apologétique, CaRtE, Evenimete în Iaşi, My English Twaddling


The second day brought to us the feeling that this was going to get more interesting by the minute.

The first one to open the session was Dr.Mircea Păduraru,Associate Professor of Ethnology and Folklore in the Department of Romanian Language and Literature and Comparative Literature & the Department of Journalism and Communication Sciences at the University*. He had an extensive presentation on the author’s well known “Screwtape Letters” in a paper titled as “C.S. Lewis & the Devil .About the strategy  of predicting the unpredictable “. The  Letters were published for the first time in the Guardian(a British Newspaper) during the year of 1942 although they were written in the 40’es. It was a thorough analysis on how this work was an apologetic discourse . The Devil was part of a comparative study in the work of C.S. Lewis and those of the orthodox priests/monks that were later considered to be sanctified by the Orthodox Church [the classic literature in the Eastern Europe].

Next, I must say I enjoyed listening to Dr. Teodora Ghiviriga, Assist. Professor of English language and linguistics at the Faculty of Letters at the University.Her Session was on “Deep magic and modern magic: the contemporary reader’s choice”.

Well, there was a break and then we came back for more. rolleye0012.gif.pagespeed.ce.8t8n9hIWgT

We listened to the next essay”Lewis, reluctant Convert and (Not So) Ordinary Anglican”  presented to us by Dr. Danuț Mănăstireanu, Director of Faith and Development in the region of Eastern Europe and the Near East of World  Vision International, associate professor at the Faculty of Evangelical Theology in Osijjek/Croatia & the International Theological Seminary, Prague. To what extent did Anglicanism helped Lewis’s conversion from atheism? We know that he submitted with great reluctance. He became an atheist in his early 20’es strongly believing that God was a fiction of the human mind and thus adopting an idealism. “If He exists, He doesn’t seem to care, which make things worse!” Anglicanism contributed very little to his reconversion. Lewis decided to reconnect with  his roots** but he didn’t care for the differences between denomination, because he thought that in doing so, his purpose-  for people to see the truth in the Christian Faith- would not be fulfilled. He was not a typical Anglican- I should say, not a typical anything, but he was Anglican enough (whatever that means). The question for the younger generation is not “was Lewis  an Anglican?” but “why isn’t Anglicanism more like Lewis?”

The session that most people were eager to attend to finally came and we were introduced to  Michael Ward, Senior Research Fellow Blackfriars Hall at the University of Oxford,England & Professor of Apologetics at Houston Baptist University, Texas. He led us into a “magical” world, where “the Heavens are telling the glory of God”.

Dr. Michael Ward, author of "Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis" and "The Narnia Code"

The Narnia books are sold into 3 million copies each year, and probably not just because they are written for children. As Lewis himself was saying ” if a book is worth reading only when you are ten, then it’s not worth reading at all”. But his friends, those he met with for long talks at The Eagle and Child agreed that the Narnia books contained  peculiar elements put together. A book that had English children, a White Witch (Christian Andersen character), Greek mythology  (unicorns, giants, dragons, dwarves, dryads, centaurs, naiads, fauns), Father Christmas and talking animals can’t be too good, can it? It doesn’t correspond with what we know of Lewis, he wouldn’t put books together  and be done with it without much care. He is not a careless writer. His poetry is fantastic and as a Christian he believed that the universe was fantastically made and that there is a purpose for everything. He had love for intricate medieval literature. The Christ like image is very concludent in all of the books and Lewis is interested in complexity and intricacy. M.Ward continues by stating five background reasons for the way that he wrote the Narnia books the way he did.

1. Lewis himself & his own temperament. He can be a very secretive person. Jack never ceased to be secretive. He kept his marriage secret for one year.

2. An influence which cannot evade our contemplative consciousness  will not go very deep. What does he mean by that? IF you are sat in a shed somewhere, and the roof had a hole in it, and the sunlight would come gently in throught that hole, just by looking at the beam from afar, would mean contemplating at it.  If you sit down on a crate in front of the beam and you look along it,  stepping into it, the beam will vanish. The light is not something we see, but something we see by. In that moment you experience the enjoyment and on that new level you can start seeing things differently. Through the roof you can see the birds, the leaves joyfully playing in the wind, a kite maybe, the Sun itself.

3. Colossians 1.16-17 : “For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

If all things are created in Him, we can’t step outside of Him to have a perspective on things. We can’t overlook the Divine, because it’s everywhere. You can’t step outside of it, he’s invisible to us because he’s omnipresent.  In conclusion, we don’t just contemplate Him, we enjoy Him.

4. The Kappa Element in Romance, which means the hidden element in the story. There is MORE to Narnia than meets the eye. It’s not just the plot that matters , you don’t look at it, you look along it, you move about, not just contemplate. The plot is really only a net whereby to catch something that has no sequence to it.

5. Transferred classicism – Paganism is the religion of Art. By taking mythical deities and ‘putting’ them in poetry, it  depicts the Christian ideas behind a veil, kind of like hiding God behind a pagan veil.

Based on his studies, Michael Ward [who also wrote a book as part of his doctoral thesis called Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C.S. Lewis] brings out the incredible concept that each book of the Narnia album is based on the seven planets and the mythical sense that corresponded to each one.

The Lion,the Witch and the Wardrobe, for example, has a theme similar to one of his poems, Jupiter is about “Winter past and guilt forgiving”- the end of Winter, Edmund’s guilt (because he betrayed Peter and Narnia). Also, the red spot on Jupiter is “a wound & the redness is that of blood, which reminds  us of the king and the Calvary. In the same way, He portrays the Christ Character, the children becoming kings and queens, and as the winter passes, the summer comes in”.

Prince Caspian’s theme is on Mars. Who was the God Mars?  As well as being the God of War he was also Mars Silvanus, the God of Vegetation. The month of March is when the nature comes back to life after the winter. Aslan is the true Mars, the one who can make the trees come back to life.

The Voyage of the Dawntreader is all about the Sun.Gold and the Sun is present in the story, as well as the Dragon. Why the Dragon? In mythology, Apollo is the God of Light that sleighs the Dragon. In the same way, Aslan slays the dragon by ripping  the skin off and making Eustace become a boy again.

The Horse and His boy – Mercury

The Magician’s Nephew  – Venus

The Last Battle –  Saturn (The 20’es and the 30’es were based -with reference to both the political and the social plan- on the Planet Saturn symbolic on Death, Despair and Pessimism).

In an early edition of the books, Father Christmas is also called Saturn.

Why did C.S. Lewis did that?

1.For FUN. It was “just like Jack” to do something like that.

2.Literary reason- the kappa element in Romance. Lewis was interested in the total feel of the story.

3. Theological reason- Not just Aslan, the Christ character but the whole of Narnia comes to relate  to the divine character. The children become more like Him, they become kings and queens, they feed with Light.

Michael ward concluded his first session . C.S. Lewis didn’t want to tell us what he is up to. Narnia is a world aglow with the Divine. It’s a story to enjoy, not contemplate on.

[to  be continued…]

* Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași

**  [He became a theist in 1929 “giving in admitting that God was God, and knelt and prayed”. In 1931 he became a Christian. One evening in September, Lewis had a long talk on Christianity with J.R.R. Tolkien (a devout Roman Catholic) and Hugo Dyson.On the events that happened the next day, he writes: ”When we (Warnie and Jack) set out by motorcycle to the Whipsnade Zoo) I did not believe that Jesus Christ was the Son of God, and when we reached the zoo, I did)”.